SCAR & CICATRIX TREATMENT
DEPARTMENTS / Cosmetology

SCAR & CICATRIX TREATMENT

Cicatrices are the result of skin healing after mechanical traumas, burns, surgical interventions and some skin diseases. Structurally cicatrices consist of connective tissue, which replaces the tissue defect in the injured area. Consequently, a cicatrix is the final stage of tissue repair after an injury. A number of factors have impact on the process of cicatrix formation: intensity and type of skin injury, disorders affecting cicatrix formation, individual characteristics of organism.


CICATRICE TYPES

Normatrophic scars
Normatrophic scar is a neat cicatrix looking like a white line at the level of the surrounding skin, which does not cause its deformation. Such a scar does not usually require an additional correction.

Atrophic scars
Atrophic scar is a thin and plain cicatrix, often with visible vessels, which is usually placed lower than the surrounding skin. Such cicatrices can sometimes be indrawn, which shapes a small hollow on the skin surface. Such cicatrices usually appear after furuncles, chicken-pox, acne.

Hypertrophic scars
Hypertrophic scars are thick and rugged cicatrices placed above the skin level, which affect the surrounding tissue. Unlike keloid scars, hypertrophic ones do not go beyond the scope of the injury. The major causes of hypertrophic scar appearance are large-degree traumas, massive surgical interventions, burns, wound contaminations in the process of healing etc. However, one of the most frequent reasons is individual characteristics of a patient.

Keloid scars
Keloid scar is a tumor-like lesion of the coarse connective tissue with a well-developed vasculature (pink-red or crimson-colored), which is liable to the peripheral growth and which goes beyond the scope of the injury. These lesions are usually followed by pain or itch. Most commonly, keloid scars appear in the area of nape, neck, breast, clavicles, upper back and shoulders. Keloid scar is the least favorable result of the wound healing, which usually requires thorough monitoring and correction.


CICATRIX TREATMENT

One of the major procedures for cicatrix and scar treatment is fractional photothermolysis with the use of the FRAXEL RESTORE system. The procedure is carried out under local anesthesia. The Fraxel laser is very soft; it heats and affects only microscopic areas of a scar and stimulates the new collagen synthesis in these areas and in the surrounding tissue. The procedure is followed by a small edema and slight reddening, which disappear completely within 2 days. Within 28 days after the procedure, the active cell division and fiber restructuration are under way in the tissues. Scars get thinner and less deep, their color improves (closer to the skin tone), while the thinnest ones almost disappear. The Fraxel fractional thermolysis technology is absolutely safe. Laser energy is absorbed by the skin without affecting internal organs and tissues.


INDICATIONS

• Postoperative and traumatic cicatrices


CONTRAINDICATIONS

Epilepsy
Pregnancy
Inflammatory processes in the areas potential for the procedure
Malignant tumors in the areas potential for the procedure
Chemical peeling or corresponding procedures carried out less than 2 weeks before the procedure
Psoriasis
Atopic dermatitis recrudescence


WHAT RESULTS CAN BE EXPECTED?

Smoothing of postoperative and traumatic scars and cicatrices


RECOMMENDATIONS

Cicatrice treatment should be started as early as possible, while the structure of the affected skin is liable to the correction.
After the treatment course, sunbathing is not recommended for a while; SPF50+ sunscreen application is required.
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